The Medical Advantage of Spinal Fusion Surgery
Many people have been suffering from chronic back pains for over a long, long time and no amount of medicine, physical therapy and steroid treatments can alleviate the pain that is causing so much physical discomfort and this is why spine surgeons will normally suggest for a spinal fusion surgery, especially if they can confirm that the cause of the back pain is something derived from the frictional movement of two or more spinal vertebrae, which results into a sensational pain caused by the stretching of bone nerves, ligaments, and muscles, thus causing so much discomfort. Generally, there are many causes that can are reasons for producing an uncomfortable back pain that is chronically felt and spinal surgeons need to determine accurately which among these causes is the main situation happening in the spinal column of the patient, before a spinal fusion surgery will be recommended; therefore, it would be good for the patient concerned to have a general knowledge of what these spinal causes are, such as the possibility of any of these: scoliosis, which is a genetic abnormality of the spinal column growing more on one side instead of on a straightforward direction; a degenerative spinal disease which results into the narrowing of the space between the spinal disks which can effect into a painful rubbing of the bones; a spine tumor; a narrowing of the spinal canal called spinal stenosis; or the abnormal shift of the spinal disk known as spondylolisthesis.
To perform spinal fusion surgery, depending on the specialty method of the surgeon, there are actually two ways to start the operation, which are by way of the surgeon doing the incision through the belly, which is known as anterior lumbar inter-body fusion, or by way of directly starting the incision from the back, which is called posterior fusion, and after doing any of this, the surgeon will see to it to move to the sides the muscles and organs so he can see the spine and inspect where the damaged area is, then immediately removes the joints between the spinal disks and replaces these using any of these: screws, rods, bone graft which is bone taken from the hip or pelvis and some surgeons after replacing the damaged joints will also include placing in of a bone morphogenetic protein, which is responsible for bone growth. Since the risk of complications may set in after surgery, surgeons are responsible of discussing these risks first to their patients before an operation is scheduled, so everything is clear and well understood by their patients, and these possible risks are blood clots, bleeding, infection, after surgery pain, risk from anesthesia, and other potential problems, such as nerve injury causing numbness; complications of tissue rejection and infection, if the bone grafted is from a donor; and, worst, if the spinal fusion surgery does not work accordingly and the back pain returns.